A disease of the cells from the large intestine. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer among both men and women. Known causes include: family history, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, obestity, diabetes, history of colon polyps, smoking, heavy alcohol use, prior radiation treatment to abdomen for other cancers, and old age. The stage can vary at diagnosis and throughout treatment. Stages of colon cancer use Tumor, Node, Metastasis (TNM) staging as well as Stage Grouping using Stages 0, I, II, III, or IV. More specific subytpes of the primary stages exist, for example Stage II may be further divided into stages IIa, IIb, or IIc, and stage subtype may effect treatment options. The effectiveness of the treatment may depend upon the stage at diagnosis.
NOTE: Treatment Options listed below are not all-inclusive. Other treatments may be available. ChemoExperts provides drug information and does not recommend any one treatment over another. Only your Doctor can choose which therapy is appropriate for you.
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Created: August 31, 2015 Updated: May 8, 2020
PDQ® Adult Treatment Editorial Board. PDQ Colon Cancer Treatment. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.Stages of Colon Cancer. Availabale at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/colorectal/patient/colon-treatment-pdq#_112 Accessed May 8, 2020. PMID 26389319.