A disease of the cells that line the inside of the uterine cervix. Cervical cancer is decreasing in the United States, but is still common worldwide. Known causes of cervical cancer include persistent infection with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), history of smoking, history of sexually transmitted diseases, certain autoimmune diseases, and chronic immunosuppression.
The stage of cervical cancer can vary at diagnosis. Stages of cervical cancer include I, II, III, IV. The effectiveness of the treatment and the goal of cure may depend upon the stage at diagnosis.